WHAT IS A COOKIE?
A cookie is a harmless text file that is stored in your browser when you visit almost any web page. The usefulness of the cookie is that the website is able to remember your visit when you return to browse that page. Although many people don’t know it, cookies have been in use for 20 years now, when the first browsers for the World Wide Web appeared.
WHAT IS NOT A COOKIE?
It’s not a virus, or a Trojan horse, or a worm, or spam, or spyware, or pop-up windows.
WHAT INFORMATION DOES A COOKIE STORE?
Cookies do not usually store sensitive information about you, such as credit cards or bank details, photographs, your ID card or personal information, etc. The data they store are technical, personal preferences, content customization, etc.
The web server does not associate you as a person but rather with your web browser. In fact, if you usually surf with Internet Explorer and try to navigate the same web with Firefox or Chrome you will see that the web does not realize that you are the same person because in reality you are associating the browser, not the person.
WHAT KIND OF COOKIES ARE THERE?
- Technical Cookies: They are the most elementary and allow, among other things, to know when a human or an automated application is surfing, when an anonymous user and a registered user is surfing, basic tasks for the operation of any dynamic web.
- Analysis Cookies: They gather information about the type of navigation you are making, the sections that you use the most, the products consulted, the timezone of use, language, etc.
- Advertising cookies: They display advertising according to your browsing, your country of origin, language, etc.
WHAT ARE OWN AND THIRD-PARTY COOKIES?
The cookies are those generated by the page you are visiting and those of third parties are those generated by external services or suppliers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc..
WHAT HAPPENS IF I DISABLE COOKIES?
To help you understand the extent to which cookies can be disabled, here are a few examples:
- You will not be able to share content from that website on Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
- The website will not be able to adapt the content to your personal preferences, as is often the case in online shops.
- You will not be able to access the personal area of that website, such as My Account, My Profile or My Orders.
- Online shops: You will be unable to make online purchases, they will have to be telephone or visiting the physical store if you have it.
- It will not be possible to customize your geographical preferences such as time zone, currency or language.
- The website will not be able to perform web analytics on visitors and traffic on the website, which will make it difficult for the website to be competitive.
- You will not be able to post on the blog, upload photos, post comments, rate or rate content. The website will also not be able to tell whether you are a human or an automated application that posts spam.
- No sector advertising can be shown, which will reduce the advertising revenue of the website.
CAN COOKIES BE DELETED?
Yeah. Not only remove, but also block, generally or privately for a specific domain.
To delete cookies from a website, you must go to the configuration of your browser and there you can search for those associated with the domain in question and proceed to delete them.
SETTING COOKIES FOR THE MOST POPULAR BROWSERS
Here’s how to access a specific cookie from your Chrome browser. Note: These steps may vary depending on the browser version:
- Go to Settings or Preferences via the File menu or by clicking on the customization icon at the top right.
- You will see different sections, click the Show advanced options option.
- Go to Privacy, Content Settings.
- Select All cookies and site data.
- A listing of all cookies sorted by domain will appear. To make it easier for you to find cookies for a particular domain, enter the address partially or completely in the Search for cookies field.
- After this filter has been carried out, one or more lines will appear on the screen with the cookies of the requested website. Now just select it and press the X key to delete it.
To access the Internet Explorer browser’s cookie settings, follow these steps (may vary depending on the browser version):
- Go to Tools, Internet Options
- Click on Privacy.
- Move the slider until you adjust the privacy level you want.
To access the Firefox browser cookie settings, follow these steps (may vary depending on the browser version):
- Go to Options or Preferences according to your operating system.
- Click on Privacy.
- Under History choose Use custom settings for history.
- You will now see the Accept cookies option, you can enable or disable it according to your preferences.
To access the cookies settings of the Safari OSX browser, follow these steps (may vary depending on the browser version):
- Go to Preferences, then Privacy.
- Here you will see the Block Cookies option to adjust the type of blocking you want to do.
To access the cookies settings of your iOS Safari browser, follow these steps (may vary depending on your browser version):
- Go to Settings, then Safari.
- Go to Privacy and Security, you will see the Block Cookies option to adjust the type of blocking you want to do.
To access the cookie settings of your Android device browser, follow these steps (may vary depending on the browser version):
- Run your browser and press the Menu key, then Settings.
- Go to Security and Privacy, you will see the Accept cookies option to enable or clear the check box.
To access the browser cookie settings for Windows Phone devices, follow these steps (may vary depending on the browser version):
- Open Internet Explorer, then More, then Settings
- You can now enable or disable the Allow cookies check box.